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How to Write a Resume: Chronological vs Functional

By choosing the best format for your resume, you can create a marketing-effective document that presents you as a desirable job candidate.

There are numerous possible alternate formats, each with certain advantages and disadvantages. The choice between chronological and functional forms will probably need to be made when deciding which format to utilize.

In this article, we'll go through the critical distinctions between a chronological and functional resume and recommend professional resume writing in Toronto and which one you should use for your job hunt.

Chronological Resume

Your employment history and achievements are in reverse chronological order on a chronological resume.

Accordingly, your most recent position is displayed first, followed by all of your previous responsibilities, and your earliest role is mentioned last (typically up to a combined 10-year period).

A summary or objective statement is usually placed at the start of a chronological resume. Your educational history is also shown on a chronological resume, either independently or next to your qualifications. Your talents and credentials are frequently listed at the bottom of a chronological resume.

Many job seekers and companies use the chronological style since it is the most typical way to write a resume.

Functional Resume

A functional resume emphasizes your talents and abilities more than your former employment. A functional resume's goal is to persuade the reader that you can handle the responsibilities associated with the position you are pursuing.

Functional resumes start by thoroughly reviewing your education and work history. This frequently takes the shape of a list with subheadings that concisely demonstrate how you have used your skills in the role.

All certifications, degrees, and diplomas are listed collectively on a functional resume. On functional resumes, a job history section is standard. However, it is frequently condensed and positioned below your abilities.

Differences between a Functional and Chronological Resume

The fundamental distinctions between a chronological and functional resume are as follows:


The main visual distinction between a functional and chronological resume is appearance. The structure of a resume determines both what information is included and how it is presented. A chronological resume typically starts at the top of the page with your name, address, and a brief aim or summary.

A chronological resume would list your previous roles in chronological sequence, along with a comprehensive description of each one.

Separate sections describing your educational history, skill set, and certifications should be included in the bottom half of a chronological resume.

Functional resumes follow an apparent format. They also start with your name and contact information, but they frequently do so after thoroughly explaining your qualifications. Even if you could format this summary as a paragraph, lists with bullets tend to look more professional and are simpler to read.

A list of abilities is a resume-style listing of one's professional achievements, including honors, credentials, and awards. After a functional resume, information about your educational accomplishments and relevant employment experience are typically offered combined.


Functional resumes place a higher priority on future potential than chronological resumes. When writing a chronological resume, provide the reader with a concise description of your professional history. A chronological resume shows where you started, how you advanced, and your current goals to demonstrate development and maturity.

Functional resumes, however, emphasize where you are going rather than where you have been. On a functional resume, your capacity to exhibit your skills and expertise emphasizes your likelihood of landing the position.

Your worth is better conveyed by the particular skill set you can bring to the position than your actual work history. A functional resume convinces potential employers that you would be an asset to their team and are fully capable of performing the position's duties.


These resume formats are seen differently as well. Employers commonly use chronological resumes; some may consider functional resumes chaotic or lacking in essential details.

Some companies may ignore a chronological CV with expertise in a different area in favor of people who can thrive in that market. Both functional and chronological resumes can make you stand out as a candidate for a position, but how well they do so relies mainly on the reader's viewpoint and the specific job criteria.


There is a noteworthy difference between chronological and functional resumes. Chronological resumes focus more on the individual's career journey and how they've progressed, whereas functional resumes concentrate more on the individual's skills and abilities. The choice of resume format—functional or chronological—largely depends on your goals for self-promotion. Lastly, you can also seek professional resume writing services that can do both for you!

edit-ting provides a quality service that includes coaching on resume building, editing, and overall career progression. Contact us for professional resume writing in Toronto!

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